The department was established when the school was founded in 2001. To broaden the scope of the social work education, the department was expanded to include a postgraduate program and a continuing education program in 2005. Around the same time, the school was granted a comprehensive university status by the Ministry of Education (MOE), and renamed to "Asia University" as a result of its excellence in pedagogy and research.
Afterwards, the department became part of the College of Health Science. In 2007, the university reorganized its academic units, incorporating the department into The College of Humanities and Social Sciences.
With the university's goal to help and guide students in developing the core competencies, “health”, “caring”, “innovation”, and “excellence”, the department re-designed its curriculum to nurture quality and professional social workers. In addition to the main social work courses, the curriculum consists of the following three tracks, or courses in a particular subject: the Health Care and Social Care track, the Social Work track, and the Minority Empowerment and Judicial Protection track.